Square Knot (reef knot)

Description: A double knot, left over right and right over left to create parallel standing parts
Purpose: It is used to connect two ropes of equal size.

Stage 1: Take the two bitter ends


Stage 2: Cross them over


Stage 3: Tie the first half knot (half hitch)


Stage 4: Maintain the same rope on top (red) as you cross them over a second time to tie the second half hitch.


Stage 5: Pull the ends evenly to form a symmetrical Square knot.Add extra half hitches for safety

Sheep Shank

Two half hitches either end of a length of rope
Purpose: strengthen a rope at its weak point by placing the weak part in the middle between the two loops

Stage 1: Fold the rope to approximately the desired new length



Stage 2: Form a half hitch in one standing end


Stage 3: Drop it over the adjacent bight


Stage 4: Tighten it


Stage 5: Form a half hitch in the other standing end


Stage 6: Drop it over its adjacent bight


Stage 7: Then tighten it too. Keep tension on both sides.



Clove Hitch

Two single hitches (half hitches) tied in the same direction around an object.
Purpose: To secure a line to a post or pole; to start and end most lashings.

Stage 1: Form 2 bends in the rope


Stage 2: In the Rope twist the bends


Stage 3: Then form a second loop - the "same way up". Both loops should be identical


Stage 4: Then put the right one over the top of the left one.


Stage 5: Place the knot over the post






Timber Hitch

Two single hitches (half hitches) tied in the same direction around an object.
Purpose: To secure a line to a post or pole; to start and end most lashings.

Stage 1: Pass The end around the back


Stage 2: Then get the end that has gone around the wood


Stage 3: Then wrap round the standing end


Stage 3: Then wrap round the standing end


Stage 5: wrap around again till you get the end on the left side


Stage 6: Do this 3 times


Stage 7: Should Start to look like this image


Stage 8: Then tighten so now the 3 rounds are tight against the wood



Bow Line

A loop knot that neither slips nor jams
Purpose: To wither bind two together to get length in a rope of to hold pressure of a pull.

Stage 1: Form a loop a short distance from the end


Stage 2: Allow for the size of the loop and the knot itself


Stage 3: Pass the end of the rope through the loop


Stage 4: As though making a simple knot (a half-hitch)


Stage 5: Pull the end through


Stage 6: Then around the back


Stage 7: Around the standing end


Stage 8: Then back down


Stage 9: Then feed it through the loop middle loop


Stage 10: Finish by tightening


Sheet Bend

A type of knot that can be used to join two ropes of different diameters
Purpose: joining two ropes of unequal size


Stage 1: Form a loop in the thicker rope


Stage 2:Hold it in one hand


Stage 3: Pass the thinner piece of rope


Stage 4: Through the loop



Stage 5: Then round the loop


Stage 6:Take care to go round the short end first


Stage 7: Then round the long end


Stage 8: Tuck the smaller rope


Stage 9: Back under itself


Stage 10: Then tighten and complete



Square Lashing

To bind poles that are in contact and cross each other at any angle from 45° to 90°


Stage A

Begin with a clove hitch underneath the spar to be supported

Stage B

Wrap the rope first over one spar, then under the other, pulling tight all the time

Stage C

On the second time round, go inside the pervious turn of the rope on top, but outside underneath the spars

Stage D

After three turns, apply two frapping turns which pull on the rope turns already made, making them even tighter

Stage E

Finish off with a clove hitch

Diagonal Lashing

Used to bind poles together that cross each other but do not touch when their ends are lashed in place in a structure

Stage A

Begin with a timber hitch to draw the spars together

Stage B

Pull the knot at right angles and wrap the rope three times around the spars, keeping the rope tight at all times

Stage C

Wrap three more turns, this time over the timber hitch

Stage D

Apply 2 frapping turns to pull tight the rope turns. Finish with a clove hitch

Sheer Lashing

Used to join together two spars to make a longer length, for example, when making a flagpole.


Start with a clove or a timber hitch around both spars near the end of the overlap

Continue with eight to ten turns round both spars

Finish with a clove hitch around the second spar

To tighten, insert small wedges inside the turns. Adding a second lashing will strengthen the overlap as, then no movement is possible in any direction.










Tripod Lashing

To bind three poles together, for the construction of a tripod

Start with a timber hitch on one of the outside spars.

Continue with six or seven turns which are taken loosely over and under the spars.

Finish with loose frapping turns and clove hitch.

Spread spars apart to create the tripod.








Trangias are used a lot within Explorers below is how you put a Trangia together follow these step and some basic safety instructions

- Never use Trangia in a tent
- Always use Trangia on an even and flat surface
- Always wait until the burner has cooled down before packing away

Start by removing the strap, loosen the buckle and untie the strap.
Take off the frypan/lid. The frypan can be used as a lid and is available in four different materials.
Fold the supports upwards or downwards to fit saucepans or frying pan.
Take out the kettle. Not included in all models, available as an accessory.
Take out the saucepans. The saucepans are available in four different materials.
We now use gas so you will need the Gas Burner and a Gas Bottle that will need to be screw fitting
Thread the tube through hole in the top and out through the side then connect to the gas bottle